The Danube is the biggest river in Europe, and its Delta is not only a UNESCO protected heritage sites of the world, but also, it’s a very interesting place to see, and it has many curiosities. You can find over 5.000 species of plants and animals in the Danube Delta, and this makes it the 3rd area in the world as far as biodiversity is concerned, after the Great Barrier Reef and the Galapagos Archipelago in Ecuador. It is the only delta in the world declared a biosphere reservation, part of the international UNESCO network, and it features 39 species new to the world of science. In other words: you will be able to see here plants and animals that you cannot see anywhere else on this planet, and on any other, for that matter.
The population of the Delta is very scarce, there is one person per 30.000 sqm, most of them Romanians but also Russians, Ukrainians and other ethnicities. Among its curiosities, we can count the 2 carnivorous species, “otratelul de balta” ( the yellow flower in the picture) and “aldrovanda”. One of the plants called “Noctiuca Miliaris” will have an interesting effect on you. If you bathe at night, in certain periods of the year, at several spots in the Black Sea and the Razelm Lake complex, when you get out of the water, you body will be phosphorescent.The biggest butterfly in the Delta is called “night peacock’s eye” and it has a wing span of 18 cm ( as big as a regular school notebook). The biggest fish ever caught in the Delta, on record, was a sturgeon, 882 kg, fished out of water in 1980 in Sfantu Gheorghe, and it was 3 meters long. The oldest tree in the Delta, as far as we know, is a 400 year-old oak tree, in the Caraorman forest, in a place called “The fountain of the huntsmen”. The curly pelican is one of the species of birds protected all over Europe, and it’s wing span reaches 3.20 meters ( a basketball player with a child on top) it’s 170 cm long ( as long as an average human), and it weighs 13 kg (as heavy as a 4 year-old child). The smallest bird in the Delta is is also the smallest bird in Romania, it’s called “the bull’s eye” and it is 10 cm long (as long as your finger). The heaviest animal in the Delta is the wild boar, it can weigh as much as 200 kg .
Of course, you will find here the wildest of the beaches in Romania and Europe – see the picture.
And if you are wondering how to get there, we tell you it is easy. There are trains and buses from Bucharest to Tulcea, there are boats for hire form Tulcea to anywhere in the Delta, regular routes the Delta people do everyday, or custom routes that someone with know-how can take you on. The train from Bucharest to Tulcea is around 70 lei one way (at this time); the regular boat from Tulcea to Sfantu Gheorghe is about 30 lei. The individual trips in the Delta, (to the Letea forest, for example, which is the most preferred location to visit) can be around 100 euros. There are of course companies that do trips from Bucharest to the Delta and back, an example of these trips would be 4 days in the Delta for 200 euros/pers. ( Note: these prices may change depending on the company, season, and other factors).